Wisata Benteng Kuno di Kepulauan Seribu Berasitektur Indah

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Maluku tak cuma mempunyai tamasya alam dan pantai. Salah satu pulau di komponen timur Indonesia ini juga mempunyai berjenis-jenis tamasya sejarah.

Sebagai pulau yang pernah dijajah bangsa Portugis dan Belanda, Maluku mempunyai banyak peninggalan bersejarah. Salah satu wujud peninggalannya ialah benteng-benteng kuno yang tersebar di berjenis-jenis sudut pulau.

Saking banyaknya jumlah peninggalan bentengnya, Maluku dijuluki sebagai Pulau Seribu Benteng. Salah satu benteng yang tenar di Maluku ialah Benteng Tolukko. Benteng ini menaruh kisah sejarah perjalanan Ternate yang sampai sekarang masih berdiri kokoh di atas bukit batu di Kelurahan Sangadji, Ternate Utara.

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“Berada di ujung timur Indonesia, Ternate mempunyai tamasya adat istiadat sekalian sejarah yang harus kalian kunjungi. Salah satunya Benteng Tolukko ini. Benteng Tolukko mempunyai keunikan tersendiri, sebab terwujud dari 3 buah bastion,” tulis Instagram @Pesonaid_Travel, Jumat (28/12/2018) lalu.

Benteng Tolukko dibangun pada 1540 oleh seorang panglima Portugis bernama Fransisco Serao. Benteng ini direnovasi pada 1610 oleh Gubernur VOC Pieter Both, dan dipugar oleh P Van Der Crab pada 1864.

Benteng Tolukko punya sebagian sebutan, antara lain Fort Hollandia dan Fort Saint Lucas. Dibangun di atas fondasi batuan beku, letak Benteng Tolukko meniru kontur bukit batuan dengan latar belakang ke arah Pulau Halmahera, Tidore dan Maitara. Letak yang strategis mempermudah untuk memantau kedatangan kapal dan mengerahkan pasukan ke pantai.

Benteng Tolukko mempunyai keunikan tersendiri sebab terwujud dari tiga buah bastion. Terdapat dua bastion di komponen depan dan satu bastion di belakang. Format bastion yang bulat tak seperti benteng kolonial lainnya yang berbentuk mata panah.

Energi tarik Benteng Tolukko berlokasi pada wujud bangunan dan estetika pemandangan sekitarnya. Tolukko mempunyai Lorong rahasia yang konon terhubung seketika dengan laut, yang pada masa dulu dihasilkan sebagai sarana melarikan diri. Benteng ini dibangun dengan arsitektur luar awam. Dibangun dari batu karang dan pecahan batu bata dengan campuran kapur, serta pasir sebagai perekatnya. Wujudnya unik tak simetris.

Banyak kesibukan menarik yang dapat dijalankan ketika bertamasya ke Benteng Tolukko. Anda dapat menelusuri bangunan benteng dan memperhatikan estetika arsitekturnya. Padahal telah dijalankan pemugaran pada bangunan benteng, melainkan estetika arsitektur aslinya konsisten terjaga.

Di komponen belakang benteng ada lubang berbentuk kotak seperti jendela tapi tanpa kaca. Anda dapat memantau cantiknya lautan dan daratan Tidore dari sana. Panorama lautnya demikian itu cantik, bergradasi biru berpadu dengan langit yang biru. Sesekali disertai awan putih yang tebal menutupi beberapa puncak gunung Gamalama yang nampak juga dari sana.

Di sisi belakang terdapat estetika gunung Gamalama yang melambung tinggi menaungi tiap-tiap pulau di sekitarnya. Panorama gunung yang melambung dan kadang tertutup kabut, dapat Anda saksikan dari komponen belakang benteng.

Di zona benteng juga terdapat taman yang menawan, hijau, dan bersih. Rumputnya yang hijau terhampar luas dengan bunga warna-warni. Sesuai dihasilkan titik foto yang berlatar belakang taman dan komponen belakang benteng.

Benteng Tolukko tidak sekedar peninggalan adat istiadat, tapi juga menaruh sejarah yang seharusnya dikenal. Menuju lokasi benteng tidaklah susah, dapat dengan kendaraan lazim sebab jaraknya betul-betul dekat dengan sentra kota, sekitar tiga kilometer.

Dari terminal Ternate dapat memakai kendaraan lazim yang ada di sana atau dapat dengan rental kendaraan pribadi. Pelancong cuma dimintai uang pemeliharaan tanpa besaran atau setulusnya. Dan, membayar retribusi parkir kendaraan Rp5.000 per kendaraan per hari.

 

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83 thoughts on “Wisata Benteng Kuno di Kepulauan Seribu Berasitektur Indah

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